How to secure a Linux system

Every Linux system will benefit from more security, especially if it contains sensitive data. With so many resources available on the internet, one might think that securing Linux has become easy. We know it is not. Linux system hardening takes a good amount of understanding about how the Linux kernel works. It also requires a good understanding of the operating system principles. In this guide, we will help you to get this understanding and provide you with tips and tools. The […]

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Ubuntu system hardening guide for desktops and servers

The system hardening process of a system is critical during and after installation. It helps the system to perform its duties properly. This blog post shows you several tips for Ubuntu system hardening. It will dive into the most critical steps to take first. Then more specific hardening steps can be added on top of these. As most security guides only tell you what to do, we will also go into more detail on why a specific security measure is […]

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Linux security guide: the extended version

Feeling overwhelmed with the resources available to secure your Linux system? With this Linux security guide, we walk step-by-step through the options, tools, and resources. After reading this article, you will be able to make educated decisions about what Linux security defenses to implement for your systems. You will be introduced to the right tools that help you automate and test your improvements. Instead, related articles and resources will be available in the text. The goal is to make this guide into […]

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Linux system hardening: adding hidepid to /proc mount point

When looking in /proc you will discover a lot of files and directories. Many of them are just numbers, which represent the information about a particular process ID (PID). By default, Linux systems are deployed to allow all local users to see this all information. This includes process information from other users. This could include sensitive details that you may not want to share with other users. By applying some file system configuration tweaks, we can change this behavior and improve the […]

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How much system hardening should you do?

System Hardening When it comes to Linux system hardening there is a lot to do. From the almost book-like CIS benchmarks to following best practices found all over the web. Recently someone new to the field of information security asked me a simple, yet important questions: how much system hardening should you be doing? When is it enough? Since there was no easy answer, I have written down my thoughts to help others in the future. Time and Effort To understand […]

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Linux hardening with sysctl settings

The GNU/Linux kernel powers a lot of systems, from big mainframes to the Android device in your pocket. If you want to achieve more security on your Linux systems, it would make sense to start hardening there, right? While securing the kernel looks easy at first sight, there is more to it than initially meets the eye. We will have a look at some kernel options and how to select the best sysctl values for Linux systems. After reading this article […]

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Linux Security Guide for Hardening IPv6

Linux Security Guide for Hardening IPv6 Version 6 of Internet Protocol is now 20+ years available. You would think it is widely available now, right? Not exactly. Still many internet providers don’t have it deployed for their customers. Hosting companies are not always eager to deploy it either. Mostly because of lacking knowledge. To get at east more knowledge shared on the security side of IPv6, we have crafted this guide. Hopefully it will be a practical guide for your […]

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Tiger is History, Long Live Modern Alternatives!

The History and Alternatives to the Tiger Security Tool Recently I saw some tweets showing up from an old friend: Tiger. Surprised to see it being promoted, as I know the tool for years, but never seen any new releases in the last years. Both are actually a shame. An outdated tool is usually of lower value. Promoting old tools might actually disappoint others and harm the initial trust in the software. History of Tiger In its day, the tool […]

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Security Defenses to Fortify your Linux Systems

How to Fortify your Linux Systems Create a Linux security fortress; implementing security defenses using towers, bridges, and guards. Still many companies have difficulties implementing basic security measures. Even after years of websites being defaced, and customer records stolen, the same mistakes are made over and over again. While this all might sound like an unsolvable situation, information security is getting attention from more people. If you are responsible for the system management of Linux systems, ignoring security is no […]

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Audit SSH configurations: HashKnownHosts option

Audit SSH configurations: HashKnownHosts option How it works Each time the SSH client connects with a server, it will store a related signature (a key) of the server. This information is stored in a file names named known_hosts. The known_hosts file itself is available in the .ssh subdirectory of the related user (on the client). In the case the signature of the server changes, SSH will protect the user by notifying about this chance. Risk involved This configuration option is […]

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Linux hardening steps for starters

Most systems have confidential data that needs to be protected. To safeguard this data, we need to secure our Linux system. But how to properly harden a Linux system? In this article, we will cover this step by step. We start by with physical security measures to prevent unauthorized people from access the system in the first place. Next is doing the installation the right way, so we have a solid foundation. Finally, we will apply a set of common […]

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Linux kernel security and how to improve it

Every system is as strong as its weakest link. In the case of an operating system like Linux, one weakness in the kernel could result in a security breach. This article covers the Linux kernel features and how they work. Kernel features Live kernel patching As the kernel is similar to other software, it receives updates to improve it. Now and then a security weakness is discovered in one of the subsystems of the Linux kernel. This means that Linux […]

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