Auditing Linux processes: The Deep Dive!

Auditing Linux processes From the initial start of the Linux operating system, the first processes are already born. In this article we have a look on dealing with processes. In particular we look at how to do process auditing. Whenever you are an auditor, system administrator or just a Linux enthusiast, you can’t ignore processes and should know how to deal with them. Process listing For most people working on Linux systems, it might be obvious to display running processes […]

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Audit SSH configurations: HashKnownHosts option

Audit SSH configurations: HashKnownHosts option How it works Each time the SSH client connects with a server, it will store a related signature (a key) of the server. This information is stored in a file names named known_hosts. The known_hosts file itself is available in the .ssh subdirectory of the related user (on the client). In the case the signature of the server changes, SSH will protect the user by notifying about this chance. Risk involved This configuration option is […]

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Most important steps for Linux server hardening

Linux Hardening Most systems have confidential data that needs to be protected. A safe system starts with a solid infrastructure. That includes physical security measures to prevent unauthorized people from access the system in the first place. From there on, security starts at the moment of system installation. This guide touches that area and goes into the actions after the system is installed. Hardening steps for Linux systems System hardening is the process of doing the right things to enhance […]

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How to keep Lynis up-to-date?

How to keep Lynis up-to-date? Keeping software like Lynis up-to-date is nowadays very important. More and more vendors implement software development methodologies like agile and scrum, to decrease the time between new software versions. This way software enhancements are easier to implement and possible bugs earlier fixed. It’s up to the user of the software to stay up-to-date and therefore we provide some tips on how to update Lynis easily. Notifications Staying up-to-date begins with receiving an update when a […]

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Unix security audit: Perform an audit in 3 minutes

Unix security audit: Perform an audit in 3 minutes Want to know the vulnerabilities of a Unix/Linux system is in just 3 minutes? How? Perform a scan with Lynis, the open source Unix security audit tool! Lynis Lynis is open source software (GPLv3), released in 2007 and a popular choice by many security professionals and system administrators. Hundreds of downloads in the first week of each release and with a lot of community feedback, Lynis is the right tool for […]

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Become a Linux Auditor: What to know?

Linux Auditor: What to know? Now open source software and platforms are very common, the need for knowledge in this area is increasing. Becoming a technical auditor with specialized knowledge about Linux, might be a clever move. Technical When specializing in Linux, the auditing area is already more technically oriented, instead of the processes. A true Linux auditor knows more than the basics of Linux. In-depth knowledge is required, like what file systems are common, how permissions are arranged, popular […]

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Auditing Linux: what to audit?

Auditing Linux: what to audit? In this article we answer the big question on Linux systems “what to audit?”. Where do you start and what is useful to audit? We apply our three C‘s in this article to determine what we should look for when auditing a Linux system. Current state What is the current state of the system and how does it compare to previous time? Ideal situation: compare current state of the system with a predefined baseline or […]

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Central audit logging: Configuration and collecting of Linux audit events

Central audit logging: Configuration and collecting Linux audit events This guide is to help our users of the Lynis Enterprise Suite to configure a central node to receive Linux audit events. It provides some pointers on how to do a quick set-up, to store and forward events. This information is very valuable for forensic investigations and intrusion detection. Configure the server First start by configuring the server. Since this is a central log host, it should have enough disk capacity […]

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