Auditing Linux processes: The Deep Dive!

Auditing Linux processes From the initial start of the Linux operating system, the first processes are already born. In this article we have a look on dealing with processes. In particular we look at how to do process auditing. Whenever you are an auditor, system administrator or just a Linux enthusiast, you can’t ignore processes and should know how to deal with them. Process listing For most people working on Linux systems, it might be obvious to display running processes […]

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Become a Linux Auditor: What to know?

Linux Auditor: What to know? Now open source software and platforms are very common, the need for knowledge in this area is increasing. Becoming a technical auditor with specialized knowledge about Linux, might be a clever move. Technical When specializing in Linux, the auditing area is already more technically oriented, instead of the processes. A true Linux auditor knows more than the basics of Linux. In-depth knowledge is required, like what file systems are common, how permissions are arranged, popular […]

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Auditing Linux: what to audit?

Auditing Linux: what to audit? In this article we answer the big question on Linux systems “what to audit?”. Where do you start and what is useful to audit? We apply our three C‘s in this article to determine what we should look for when auditing a Linux system. Current state What is the current state of the system and how does it compare to previous time? Ideal situation: compare current state of the system with a predefined baseline or […]

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Become a Linux auditor: tips to start with auditing the Linux platform

Become a Linux auditor: tips to start with auditing the Linux platform This guide helps people new to the Linux platform to get a grasp on how the system works. Whenever you are an IT auditor, or simply want to know more about the basics, this guide helps you in determining where to start an audit. Processes Each operating system consists of smaller running processes. In case of Linux this is true as well and can be displayed with the […]

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Linux Audit Framework: using aureport

Linux Audit Framework: using aureport The Linux audit framework logs events, as specified by the configured watches. To extract particular events we can use the ausearch or aureport tools. The latter is the one we will focus on in this article, to get the most out of the tool. Aureport The aureport utility can be executed without any parameters. It will then extract all audit events available from the log. Since the audit log can be very big, it might […]

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Linux kernel security and how to improve it

Linux kernel security Every system is as strong as its weakest link. In the case of an operating system a weakness in the kernel often means a total compromise. Therefore we focus in this article on Linux kernel security, what we can do and where to look for. Configuration of the kernel To view or configure security related parameters of the kernel, there is the /etc/sysctl.conf file. This file stores the parameters and is read during boot time. However we […]

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Conduct a Linux Server Security Audit

Conduct a Linux Server Security Audit Auditing a system can be a time consuming job, which is no different when conducting a Linux server security audit. Within this article we give some highlights regarding the audit and tips to automate them by using Lynis. The business goal Before auditing any system, determine the business goal of the system. How critical is this system for doing business? What if the system goes down? Usually each system has a clear role or […]

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Open source vulnerability scanner for Linux systems – Lynis

Open source vulnerability scanner for Linux There are several open source vulnerability scanners for Linux, like OpenVAS. While tools like these are powerful as well, we will have a look at Lynis, our auditing tool to detect vulnerabilities of Linux and Unix systems. Why is it different than others and how can it help you in securing your systems? Vulnerabilities Every piece of software will have sooner or later a vulnerability, a minor or major weakness which can be abused […]

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