Dealing with Linux Malware, Insights by the Author of rkhunter

Dealing with Linux Malware, Insights by the Author of rkhunter Malicious software plague computers for more than 40 years. It is hard to think this threat will ever stop. The Linux platform definitely has their share of malware, although many people never experienced it firsthand. Let’s dive into this subject and discover why your system might actually being compromised at this very moment. The types of malware To understand the risks, you have to understand the threats and weaknesses. When […]

Read more

File Integrity of Password Files

Authentication Security Password files on Linux are used to store user details, like your unique user ID and name. It defines who you are on the system, your access to files, and the permissions you have. Proper password management, together with file integrity of your password files, is important. It keeps your system and user accounts safe.   Password Files For most Linux distributions there are two related files available: /etc/passwd and /etc/shadow. The first file defines what local users […]

Read more

Deleting Outdated HPKP Key Pins in Firefox

Deleting Outdated HPKP Key Pins in Firefox HPKP is a great technology to pin a certificate to a website. On first use of a domain, the browser of the client checks if key pinning is available. Upon a next visit, the browser applies an additional check if the certificate(s) provided is available in the previous list of whitelisted sites. HPKP error Sometimes things go wrong with HPKP and you won’t be able to access a particular page. The best action is […]

Read more

Showing Available Security Updates with DNF

Checking Security Updates for your Software Packages DNF is the default package manager since Fedora 22. As it is considered to be a better version of YUM, some of our Lynis users asked for DNF support. With focus on auditing and security patching, we definitely wanted to see that for ourselves. While building support, I’ve gathered the most important commands. In this blog post we will have a look how we can leverage the DNF output to show only the […]

Read more

File permissions of the /etc/shadow password file

Permissions of your Linux password files The password files are an important cornerstone for the security of your Linux system. Commonly they are /etc/passwd and /etc/shadow, and installed by default. Sometimes we receive questions what the right permissions of these files should be. Therefore this blog post to have a look at the file permissions (and ownership) of both files. Passwd file The password file stores local accounts of the system. It is a readable text file and uses colons […]

Read more

Differences Between iptables and nftables Explained

Differences between iptables and nftables The seasoned Linux administrator will be familiar with iptables, the network traffic filter. If you ever configured a Linux system with an ethernet bridge configuration, you might even have worked with ebtables. Or possibly you wanted to filter ARP traffic and used arptables? Newcomer nftables has arrived, with the purpose to replace iptables, ip6tables, ebtables and arptables. As with every big upcoming change, it is good to know the differences. We explain what makes nftables […]

Read more
12327